The word silviculture is formed from the combination of the Latin words “silva=forest” and “cultura=cultivate” and means “to cultivate forest”. Ensuring the continuity of forests and fulfilling the duties expected from them is achieved by making silvicultural practices. Along with silvicultural practices; it is ensured that new forests are established, maintenance works are carried out to increase the health and quality of existing or newly created forests, rejuvenation works are carried out to ensure the continuity of the forests, and the demands of the society are met while all these works are carried out.
At the heart of silviculture studies, working in accordance with the natural flow of nature and its own laws is taken as a reference. It is ensured that forests and natural life sustain their existence in a sustainable way, taking into account factors such as science and economy, as well as harmony with nature. The most comprehensive studies we encounter in silviculture studies are “rejuvenation” practices, which are divided into two as “natural” and “artificial”.
Natural Rejuvenation Application
In natural rejuvenation studies, first of all, harmonious and holistic studies are carried out with the new individuals that will be formed from the seeds spilled from the trees in the stands (at least one hectare of forest part). In these studies, external seed supplementation can also be applied to the area in question, if necessary. On the other hand, artificial rejuvenation studies are mostly human-made practices by planting in areas where natural rejuvenation conditions cannot be applied for various reasons or natural rejuvenation is not considered.
With this; In the reports and presentations of our leading institutions and universities working on silviculture, it is clearly stated that the application preference is in favor of natural rejuvenation studies wherever possible. Because although it was determined that the culture formed in the afforestation areas as a result of the artificial rejuvenation practices developed rapidly in the first years compared to the youth in the natural rejuvenation areas, in the following years; It has been determined that the increase in height and diameter of individuals in the areas where natural rejuvenation studies are carried out reaches higher levels than the individuals formed as a result of artificial rejuvenation studies. Along with all these cases, the years are called by different names, from the year of abundant seed to the year without seeds, according to the amount of seeds spilled from the trees. Nature; although it has the ability to renew itself in the most optimal conditions, especially today, the excessive amount of damaging external effects, the increase in the deterioration of the stands with the effects of the climate crisis, the decrease in the abundant seed years and the increase in thirst in the basins; It adds even more responsibility to us to fight the climate crisis and to protect and imitate nature by keeping all these negativities at least at certain levels.
Things We've Done for Climate Change
As stated in the Global Climate Report prepared by the Intergovernmental Global Climate Panel; If we do not take any action against the climate crisis by 2030, we are faced with an increase in the world temperature by more than 1.5 C. Despite this situation, one of the alternative solutions; Together with the seed balls that have germinated and grown in a healthy way, giving breath to our world, as ecording.
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